One of the difficult parts of deploying any application is managing the passwords, certificates and other secret parts of the deployment.

When you’re using AWS services from an EC2 instance, you can set your instance up with a role which allows it to access services rather than embedding the secrets in the configuration of your application.

Here’s an example Terraform file showing the required parts:
* Instance Profile – Groups together various roles to apply to an instance.
* Role – A policy for the role which allows it to use STS to get credentials to access EC2.
* Role Policy – The rules to apply to the Role, in this case, to allow access to an S3 bucket.

The Terraform script also creates the S3 bucket and an instance to demonstrate.

Once the instance is started, if you RDP into it, you can use the pre-installed AWS command line tools and you’ll find that you can access the bucket:

Copy-S3Object -BucketName bucket-name -Key -LocalFile C:\Users\Administrator\

There’s more useful stuff over here: